Alawiyya dynasty (1805-1882) geography modernisation project relied on many adventurers and half-qualified personnel from France and Italy.
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Despite his European education, the prince passionately wrote on all aspects of Egypt’s geography, and undertook many expeditions
As with many of his peers Henry Field’s voyage to Egypt in 1883 focuses on religious topography rather than the rich geography
European travellers of yore tended to focus less on observing surroundings but using religious texts for guidance
Following Muhammad Ali Pasha rise to power in Egypt in first half of the 19th Century, Egyptian-led geographical discoveries and military conquests multiplied.
In the fifth century BCE, the Greek historian Herodotus described Egypt as a “gift of the Nile”. He was, in fact, referring to the Nile Delta, created thanks to the alluvial accumulations at the expense of the retreating sea coast
The methodology for realising art from a geographic perspective is actually part of a new geographic doctrine, called “cultural geography.”